During the period after the Velvet Divorce (1993-Present) the social atmosphere started to become more focused on finding identity as either Czech or Slovak. In her article The Current Situation In Slovak Literature (2007) Dana Krsakova highlights this phenomenon: ‘The principles of national pride and the focus on homeland became predominant for a particular part of the cultural spectrum at the beginning of the 1990’s (especially after 1992).’ Nevertheless, it is essential to stress that the separation was not supported by a referendum and most people in 1992/3 still considered themselves Czechoslovaks rather than Czechs or Slovaks. This is demonstrated in Table 1 which also shows that after two decades, these attitudes changed rather significantly and the previously mentioned nationalistic tendencies became more obvious. Another significant change in the social and political life in the Czech Republic and Slovakia was the entry into the European Union in 2004. This marked the predominance of westernising tendencies in all aspects of life, in addition to literature. This westernisation subsequently influenced the way literature was perceived. Publishing houses focus primarily on profitable and commercial literature and the aspirations to ideologies in 1989 about a ‘self-organising literature with internal dynamics’ are somehow lost. Majercik comments on this by stating that “Those who thought that the change of the political system would also bring adequate qualitative transformations in the literary life must be disappointed. A similar disappointment is shared by those who put high hopes into the new generation which was supposed to bring new perspectives. Neither the effect of the 60’s occurred, nor did new literary techniques arise”.

Czech 1999 1999 CZ

Slovak 1997 1997 sk